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By | August 3, 2017 | 8,603 views

PIM testing: best practices in a nutshell

When it comes to PIM testing, the necessary steps to identify passive intermodulation (PIM) and locate its source are similar to interference hunting. In the end, PIM is an internal source of interference and can have a significant impact on network performance. Before starting with PIM measurements, however, it is recommended to test return loss. The PIM analyzer transmits high power;…

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By | January 12, 2017 | 2,232 views

Identifying passive intermodulation

Passive intermodulation is nothing new. It has been an issue since the first commercial networks. In GSM, for example, whenever a PIM issue was present, network operators could easily re-allocate frequencies without affecting the service. With 3G and 4G, however, frequency re-allocation is no longer possible. PIM problems have to be dealt with. They have become even more important as…

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By | December 29, 2016 | 25,141 views

Smart macro network enhancements: 4×4 MIMO

The various macro network enhancements available today offer a cost-efficient and smart approach for capacity increase in mobile networks. In the first part of this series, we provided an overview of the hardware-related capacity enhancing features and discussed carrier aggregation in detail. The second part of this series discusses higher order MIMO antenna configurations, particularly 4×4 MIMO. The potential of…

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By | December 18, 2016 | 1,790 views

Suspecting PIM issues in your network? Let us help you find the root cause

More subscribers and higher data rates translate into a constant strain on networks, no matter where. But what could have happened when technicians are notified of low performance yet cannot find any defective components at the BTS site? The answer may be: passive intermodulation, or PIM. And, the source of this PIM problem could be a tiny metal flake in…

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